Geology museums of Britain: The Museum of Somerset, Taunton

Jon Trevelyan (UK) I’ve been meaning to go to the Museum of Somerset for a long time, not just because it is situated in a castle, but also because of its lovely collection of fossil. Taunton castle (Fig. 1) was created from twelfth century by powerful bishops and welcomed distinguished (if not always particularly pleasant) guests, including King John and Henry III. It was also here that Judge Jefferys presided over the Bloody Assizes from 1685 to try prisoners from the failed Monmouth Rebellion. Since 1958, the museum has been run and funded by Somerset County Council, and now showcases exhibits going back 400 million years and it is about these that I am writing. Fig. 1. The dramatic entrance to the museum: over the bridge, through the fortified gatehouse and into the castle. The exhibits are displayed in magnificent glass cabinets in the ‘Foundation Stones’ gallery and are a feast for the eyes (Fig. 2). This is largely because Somerset has some magnificent geology, giving rise to some splendid examples of palaeontology. Fig. 2. Visitors to the museum are greeted by a stunning display of three large ammonites: (top) Titanites giganteus; (middle) Asteroceras; and (bottom) Phylloceras. The geology of Somerset explored by the museum started (at least for our purposes) some 400 million years ago, when Somerset was on the southern edge of a large, mountainous continent, with active volcanoes. Later, during the Upper Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian), it was a tropical rainforest, where generations of plants lived and died, decomposing … Read More

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