Biddy Jarzembowski, Chris Proctor and Ed Jarzembowski (UK)
In this concluding part of the mini-series, we show the archaic wet forest at Writhlington (Fig. 9) which is the most familiar palaeohabitat associated with the Carboniferous age of coal. In the absence of flowering plants, the forest was less biodiverse than today’s tropical forest and more varied along the river banks (Fig. 5 in Part 2) than in the swamp. We also look in on the denizens of a forest pool (Fig. 10) and restore an extinct giant millipede (Fig. 11), one of the largest arthropods that ever lived, represented by tracks and body fossils there. An archaeorthopteran insect was seen at a distance in Part 1 (Fig. 3) and a brand-new image of another, but close up, is presented here (Fig. 12).
The fossiliferous rock tipped at Writhlington represents only a fraction of Carboniferous time, much more being locked up in the mass of peat that turned into coal. The latter went mainly to fire Portishead Power Station in North Somerset and would have included peatland palaeohabitats not reconstructed here. It is the ancient fresh-water floodplain (making up the miner’s ‘roof shale’) that has been explored in detail so far.
|More information can be found in:|
|Jarzembowski, E. A. 2004. Atlas of animals from the Late Westphalian of Writhlington, United Kingdom. Geologica Balcanica, 34: 47-50, pls 1-2.|
|Jarzembowski, E. A. 2018. Writhlington Geological Nature Reserve. In Geological sites of the Bristol Region. BRERC, Bristol.|
|Proctor, C. J. and Jarzembowski, E. A. 1999. Habitat reconstructions in the late Westphalian of southern England. Proceedings of the 1st International Congress of Palaeoentomology, Moscow, 1998: 125-129.|
Our thanks to Fred Clouter (UK) and Alister Cruickshanks (UKGE) for help with imaging; and Felix Schwartz and fellow miners, who originally unearthed the fossiliferous rock at Writhlington.